Here’s all you ever wanted to know about oak. Okay! Go!

–The use of oak plays a significant role in winemaking and can have a significant effect on the finished wine- affecting the color, flavor, tannin profile and texture of the wine.

–There are about 400 species of oak, though only about 20 are used in making oak barrels.

–Of the trees that are used, only 5% is suitable for making high grade wine barrels.

French oak is the most preferable because the tighter grain of this type of oak allows for a more gradual introduction of sweet vanilla flavors in the wine.

–The average age of a French oak tree harvested for use in wine barrels is 170 years!

–One French oak barrel could cost upwards of $800-1,000.